Norway is a country rich in hunting
and fishing opportunities and Kristiansand is a very popular
place to hunt.
In order to hunt game, it is necessary to have a hunting licence and permission from the land owner, or to be a member of an authorised hunting co-operative.
There are good stocks of game in Norway.
The forests and mountains offer large numbers of moose, wild
reindeer, deer, hare, grouse and other large woodland birds.
Freshwater lakes and ponds are full of pike, perch, eel,
trout and char.
Land in Norway is either state-owned or private, and landowners have the sole right to hunt and trap on their land. State-owned land is classified either as common land or “other state-owned land”. All small-game and wild reindeer hunting on state-owned common land is reserved for persons resident in Norway for at least one year. However, anyone, including non-resident foreign nationals, may apply for permits to hunt elk, red deer, roe deer and beaver. Applications should be sent to the Directorate for State Forests and Land, which can provide detailed information about the requirements for hunting in Norway and answer questions relating to arms and ammunition (including importing firearms), hounds, etc.
If you are interested in the full laws and conditions, you can see below...
With an area of 385,155 km2, Norway's wide variety of natural habitats supports an abundant fauna and offers opportunities for many different kinds of hunting. Important species of game There are good stocks of moose (Alces alces), red deer (Cervus elaphus), wild reindeer (Rangifer rangifer) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). The most sought after gallinaceous birds are willow grouse (Lagopus lagopus), ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus), black grouse (Lyrurus tetrix), capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) and hazel hen (Testrastes bonasis). Waders, ducks, geese and sea birds are plentiful in some areas. The hare (Lepus timitus) is the most popular species of small game, but beavers (Castor fiber) can also be hunted in some parts of the country.
Land in Norway is either state-owned or private. Landowners have the sole hunting and trapping rights on their land. State-owned land is classified either as common land or "other state-owned land". Common land is a feature of southern Norway, from Nord-Trøndelag to the south; other state-owned land is primarily in northern Norway.
All small-game and wild reindeer hunting on state-owned common land is reserved for persons who have resided in Norway for the past year and are still resident. However, anyone, including non-resident foreign nationals, may apply for permits to hunt elk, red deer, roe deer and beaver. The Directorate for State Forests and Land is responsible for this hunting and the processing of applications. Persons who have resided in Norway for the past year and are still resident have an equal right to engage in small-game hunting without
a dog. People who are not local residents are now permitted to engage in both small-game hunting with a dog and wild reindeer hunting on many areas of common land. Persons who have resided for the past year in the municipality where the common land concerned is situated, and still reside there, nevertheless have first priority to such hunting. Municipal Common Land Boards have responsibility for small-game and wild reindeer hunting on common land.
OTHER STATE-OWNED LAND
Norwegians and all persons who have resided in Norway for the past year and are still resident are permitted to engage in small-game hunting and trapping on other kinds of state-owned land, which are mostly found in the three northernmost counties.
Foreign nationals not resident in Norway can apply for permission to hunt small and big game. The Directorate for State Forests and Land is responsible for this hunting and the processing of applications.
Owners of private land may, individually or jointly, let their hunting rights to others, including foreign nationals. The best access to small-game hunting on private land is normally in areas where the sale of hunting permits has been organised through landowners'
associations or local hunting and fishing societies. Hunting rights for small game in a given area can be hired out exclusively for longer or shorter periods, but this is more expensive than the ordinary sale of hunting permits.
LAND BORDERING ON BODIES OF WATER
On rivers and lakes, the hunting and trapping rights of a landowner extend as far as his or her property rights. Bordering on the sea or a fjord, they extend to the limit of dry land. Norwegians and all persons who have resided in Norway for the past year and are still resident are permitted to engage in hunting, trapping and shooting beyond this limit, and generally also on shoals and skerries submerged at normal high tide. The Governor of the respective county may in individual cases give foreign nationals not resident in Norway permission to engage in such hunting.
Conditions for hunting in Norway
HUNTING PROFICIENCY TEST
All persons aged 16 or over who are not listed on the Norwegian Register of Hunters must pass a hunting proficiency test before hunting or trapping. Persons resident abroad need not take the test provided they satisfy the conditions for engaging in the same type of hunting in their home country (place of residence). Further information regarding the hunting proficiency test may be obtained from the Directorate for Nature Management or the relevant local or district authorities.
Applicants may take the hunting proficiency test from their 14th birthday. The minimum age for small-game hunting is 16; for larger game, 18, and for trapping, 16 (except lynx trapping, for which the age limit is 18).
HUNTING LICENCE FEE
Persons intending to hunt in Norway must pay a hunting licence fee to the Wildlife Fund. The fee is for the full hunting year, from 1 April to 31 March. Payment of the fee is a prerequisite for hunting, but does not confer the right to hunt in any specific area. Foreign nationals resident abroad can obtain a Norwegian hunting licence by sending documentation of their previous hunting experience to the Norwegian Register of Hunters at Brønnøysund. Foreign nationals who have hunted previously can document this
by means of permits, licences or the like. This documentation should be sent to the Register of Hunters in good time before the date on which they intend to start hunting.
No hunting is allowed without the landowner’s permission. Landowners are entitled to demand payment for the right to hunt, either by selling permits, or by letting the land.
To obtain permission to bring firearms into Norway, a foreign national must on entry show the Customs authorities the gun licence required in his home country. At the same time, he or she must fill in a prescribed customs declaration form, stating their name and address, age if under 21, the type, calibre, trade mark and number of the firearm, the quantity and type of ammunition, what the firearm is to be used for and where in Norway it is to be used. The declaration is certified by the Customs authorities and is then valid as a gun
licence for a period of three months.
Rules relating to arms and ammunition
In ordinary circumstances only rifles or gunpowder-loaded shotguns may be used for hunting. The use of pistols, revolvers, semi-automatic military-style weapons and automatic firearms is not permitted in hunting.
For hunting moose, red deer, follow deer, wild reindeer, wild sheep, musk ox and wolf, only rifles are permitted. This also applies male roe deer between 10 August and 25 September. For moose, red deer and roe deer, it is forbidden to use a semi-automatic rifle with more than three cartridges in the magazine and one in the chamber. For other species of game, use of a semi-automatic rifle with more than two cartridges in the magazine and one in the chamber is prohibited. For moose, red deer, follow deer, wild reindeer, wild boar, wild sheep, musk ox, wolf and bear, ammunition with expanding bullets weighing a minimum 9 grams is required. a) ammunition whose bullets weigh between 9 and 10 grams (139 and 154 grains) must have an impact energy of at least 2700 joules (275
kg/m) at a range of 100 metres, E100. b) ammunition whose bullets weigh more than 10 grams (154 grains or more) must have an impact energy of at least 2200 joules (225 kg/m) at a range of 100 metres, E100. When hunting roe deer, beaver, wolverine and lynx with a rifle, expanding bullets with an impact energy of at least 980 joules (100 kg/m) at a range of 100 metres, E100, must be used.
Only shotguns with up to two cartridges, and rifles, are allowed. Saloon rifles using .22 calibre long-rifle bullets must only be used for hunting small game up to the size of hares, but not for hares. The use of lead shot is not permitted for geese, ducks and waders (except woodcock). Slugs are permitted for hunting wild boar and roe deer. From 1 January 2005 the use of lead shot in hunting is prohibited.
IMPORTING DOGS FROM ABROAD
Persons resident in Sweden and legally visiting Norway can freely bring dogs into the country. Persons resident in other countries must present health and vaccination certificates duly filled in and signed by an authorised veterinary surgeon. The certificates must be forms drawn up or approved by the Norwegian Animal Health Inspectorate - Central Administration. Further information may be obtained from the Norwegian Animal Health Inspectorate or the Ministry of Agriculture.
USE OF DOGS IN DEER-HUNTING
For moose, red deer and roe deer, both hunting parties and individuals hunting alone are required to have a trained dog available to locate animals that have been shot, but not found. If such a dog is not present while the hunting is in progress, written agreement must be obtained ensuring the availability of such a dog within a reasonable time after the quarry has fallen. The local authority may require documentation showing compliance with these conditions.
Shooting proficiency test
No one is allowed to hunt big game with a rifle without passing a shooting proficiency test for that hunting season. Big game is here defined as moose, red deer, follow deer, wild reindeer, roe deer, wild sheep, musk ox, bear, wolf, wolverine and lynx. The test comprises two parts. First, 30 shots must be fired at a target of the applicant's choice. Then, for each rifle to be used for hunting big game, five shots must be fired at an animal figure approved by the directorate. For combined firearms (rifle-shotgun), triple-barrelled guns and double-barrelled rifles, three shots must be fired at the animal figure approved by the directorate. All shots fired at the animal figure must land within the approved area. Achievement of the silver medal in moose shooting (awarded by the Norwegian Association of Hunters and Anglers) is recognised as a shooting proficiency test providing the directorate has approved the shooting programme. The test must be taken without a fixed rest, but any position may be adopted. Foreign residents are exempt from the shooting proficiency test provided they satisfy the requirements for big-game hunting in their country of residence. Documentary proof to that effect must be shown on demand to police, game wardens and other supervisory authorities.
Hunting from motorboats or other motorpropelled vessels is not permitted less than 2 km from the nearest shore, island or islet. This applies both at sea and on lakes. It is forbidden to use aircraft or motor vehicles in pursuit of game, or to distract its attention from hunters. Motorised transport to and from the hunting ground is permitted to a certain extent. The use of artificial light during hunting is forbidden, except for fox hunting with bait provided the light source is permanently fixed to the wall of a building.
The landowner, the municipal Common Land Board, the County Governor, or the municipal authority can provide information regarding open seasons and opportunities for hunting. A landowner may set a shorter open season on his or her land than the authorities have stipulated.
Inquiries relating to various aspects of hunting in Norway may be directed to the following addresses:
Laws, regulations, hunting proficiency test, open seasons, permission to shoot by the sea and fjords:
Directorate for Nature Management
Tel.: +47 73 58 05 00
Telefax: +47 73 58 05 01
Permission to hunt on state-owned land, local open seasons:
Directorate for State Forests
and Land, Serviceboks 1016
Tlf.: +47 74 21 30 00
Telefaks: +47 74 21 30 01
Stortingsgt. 30, 0161 Oslo
Tel.: +47 22 83 15 35
Telefax: +47 22 83 40 41
Permission to hunt on private land:
Norwegian Forest Owners’ Federation,
Pb. 1438, Vika, 0115 Oslo
Tlf.: +47 22 01 05 50
Telefaks: +47 22 83 40 47
Hunting in Norway in general:
Norwegian Association of Hunters and Anglers
Pb. 94, 1378 Nesbru
Tlf.: +47 66 79 22 00
Telefaks: +47 66 90 15 87
Register of hunters, hunting licence:
The Norwegian Register of Hunters
Pb. 398, 8901 Brønnøysund
Tlf.: +47 75 00 79 99
Telefaks: +47 75 00 79 50